30 Different Types of Roof Trusses (Illustrated Configurations)

Jun 16th
Three-piece long span roof truss diagram

Simply as there are various sorts of roofs with many roof components, there are various differing kinds of roof trusses.  This intensive article explains by means of a sequence of customized truss diagrams the completely different truss configurations you should utilize for varied roofs.

Whereas this text focuses on configurations, we even have a really cool set of illustrations showcasing the completely different components (anatomy) of roof trusses right here.

32 Picture Gallery: 30 Different Types of Roof Trusses (Illustrated Configurations)

If it is advisable to construct a truss, start line is to get a strong understanding of the numerous choices, designs and configurations.

Beneath is an in depth breakdown and typically, a proof of every kind of truss.

Used on bigger trusses and for making a pitched ceiling or an additional vertical area.

A pitch truss with a sloping (or non-sloping) vertical inside ceiling element. It could actually take varied varieties and infrequently used for aesthetic functions, including peak and focal curiosity to the ceiling. This kind of truss is ideal for the eating room, lounge, nice room and kitchen.

This has a attribute barrel-shaped ceiling. So as to create the semi-cylindrical look for the ceiling, this truss would wish many small items of wooden framed collectively. This ornamental kind of truss provides quantity, retains the room cool and has a comparatively low upkeep drywall. It’s usually used for cellars and lengthy hallways.

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A excessive wall between two sloping sides that includes a band of slim home windows. This construction permits gentle and contemporary air right into a room. These days, it’s additionally utilized in vitality environment friendly buildings.

Two horizontal beams that stretch past the load they’re bearing and are fastened at one finish. The double cantilever truss provides peak to the construction and contributes to a light-weight and sleek look. It’s usually utilized in high-rise buildings reminiscent of exposition buildings and grand stands.

A pitch truss with two units of completely different sloping sides. They’re usually positioned at the back and front of one another with the entrance pitch normally steeper. That is used for gable roofs.

Because the identify implies, this pitched truss has the mixed look of the Queen Put up truss and Scissors truss. Its net configuration resembles that of the Queen Put up truss whereas its look resembles that of the Scissors truss.

A Howe Scissors truss is so-called as a result of its look resembles that of an opened pair of scissors. Its backside chords be part of collectively on the apex making a pitched or vaulted ceiling. Naturally, this truss is utilized in buildings for making a pitched roof.

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A pitch truss with a truncated or flat apex in order that it may possibly help extra load. Hip roofs are extra secure than gable roofs and extra proof against robust winds and hurricane.

A variant of the hip truss and essentially the most versatile of the categories. It has the identical slope as the usual trusses however with a flat apex.

It’s a typical truss with its inside area transformed right into a room. This well-liked kind of pitch truss could be versatile and add worth to a property. It’s usually utilized in a storage or drive shed.

It has a barn-like look and just like the Room-in-the-attic for its utilization with a built-in flooring system.

Additionally see our gambrel roof gallery.

Has an elevated slope with a double symmetrical pitch high chord.

A mono truss is a one-sloped truss that varieties a proper angle triangle. A mono truss roof permits for extra daylight and visible area, correct drainage and comparatively cheaper. It’s usually used for sheds, garages or extension of an current roof.

It’s a variation of the Scissors Truss and utilized in residential in addition to business and industrial buildings. 

The best truss with just one central vertical submit, two rafters and a tie beam. It’s usually used within the shed, porch and storage.

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In contrast to a King Put up, the Queen Put up truss has two central vertical posts, two rafters and a beam. It’s extra light-weight than the King Put up and can be utilized to cowl bigger areas.

Has a double V net configuration and essentially the most broadly utilized in houses and pedestrian bridges.

Designed by William Howe in 1840, this widespread truss with a M net configuration was highly regarded for development of trendy railroad bridges.

Has twin units of the Queen Put up net configuration or just like the Fink truss’ double V net configuration.

It’s basically the identical Queen Put up truss however with a number of panels on either side.

It’s the Fink truss with the identical sample repeated on either side in order that the online configuration appears like W as a substitute of double V.

It’s the Howe truss net configuration with an additional pair of vertical submit and diagonal on either side.

It’s the Double Fan truss with a central vertical submit and an additional pair of the upright and diagonal.

It’s the Fink truss with the identical sample repeated 3 times on either side sot that the online configuration appears like three Vs.

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It’s the Howe truss net configuration with two additional pairs of vertical submit and diagonal on either side.

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